Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor
Molten Salt Reactors
What is a MSR or LFTR?
Molten Fuel, Cooled by Molten Salt
Can’t Melt Down? No High Pressure?
Not LWR, Unlike Other Nuclear Power
Heat for Industrial Use
Converts Thorium to Uranium
Solving Technical Challenges
Additional MSR Information
More About Thorium
Passive and Inherent Safety
No Water, no Loss of Coolant Accidents
No High Pressure to Contain
No Chance of Nuclear Meltdown
Can’t Melt Through
How Might LFTRs Fail?
What About Fukushima?
No Long-Term Nuclear Waste Storage
What To Do With Nuclear Waste
What’s Better than Storing Nuclear Waste?
Solution to Nuclear Waste
Consume Nuclear Waste
Worthless for Nuclear Weapons
Economics of LFTR
Useful LFTR Fission By-Products
Downsides of LFTRs
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Molten Salt Reactor Advantages
- Fuel circulates through the reactor, fission products get removed, for over 99% fuel use (vs. LWR ~3%). No long-term radioactive waste.
- Coolant far below boiling point, reactor operates at atmospheric pressure. Molten fuel chemically bound to stable salt; no water; no loss of coolant accident possible. No need for high-pressure safety systems.
High Inherent Safety
- No water, no high pressure, nothing that could propel radioactive materials into the environment. Thermal expansion/contraction of molten fuel salt strongly regulates fission rate; MSR is a very stable reactor. Simple safety systems work even if no electricity or operators.
Easy Construction and Siting
- Low pressure operation, so no high-pressure safety systems. No water, so no steam containment building. Reactor factory assembled, with modern quality control, sensors and communication.
- Even with exotic materials, construction costs will be dramatically lower than LWR — factory construction, minimal manual on-site preparation. No long-term radioactive waste, so no long-term storage.
High Temperature Operation
- Heat to generate electricity, desalinate water, produce CO
-neutral vehicle fuel, etc.
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